What Programming Language Is Primarily Used on the Web

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Tony Stark activities: Other
on the timeline of JanBask Digital design

Nov 1, 2021

Creating a web page can be from child's play to a very complex task. It all depends on the type of web page we want to create and the use that we will make of it. Creating a personal static website is not the same as creating a dynamic website for a company that sells online. Depending on the type of website, it will be necessary to use one or the other programming languages.


We usually think of HTML and CSS as the most widely used programming languages ​​on the web. And although it is advisable to know about them, technically, we cannot say that they are programming web design languages. Its correct definition will be "markup languages," especially thought for everything related to the format and design of the web.



What Do We Need to Create a Website?

The way of giving life to a web page has changed a lot over time. Years ago, anyone could create a simple page from a simple notepad. Today, complete programming IDEs guide us through the process, help us debug the code and even platforms that allow us to create websites without using code.


Broadly speaking, the only thing we will need to create a web page is a text editor. We need a place to write, whether it's a notepad, an alternative like Notepad ++, or an IDE like Visual Studio Code. We will do the front-end in HTML and CSS, while the back-end can be programmed in the language we want.


If we create a static web, only with the front-end, we will not need any server to test it since the browser will open and draw it. But if the web is dynamic and has a back-end, we will need a server, both in the cloud and on our own PC. To create websites, yes, we can use both Windows and Linux or macOS. It is indifferent.


Suppose we want to specialize in web development. In that case, the first thing we should consider is whether we are interested in focusing on the client part, or front-end, what users see, or on the server part, or back-end, everything processed in the Remote server. You cannot (or, rather, should) cover everything at once. Each type of development has a purpose, some characteristics, and, of course, they use specific languages ​​that we must know.


Top Web Programming Languages



JavaScript Language

JavaScript is an object-oriented programming language created to extend the HTML and CSS markup languages. Originally this programming language only worked on the client-side, displaying the content of the page. Today, it can exchange data with the server (for example, dynamically changing the content of a website or sending forms to the server). It is even used a lot to display ads and implement tracking scripts on the web.


Among its characteristics, we can highlight, for example, its similarity with the C language (since it is based on it), its dynamism, and being an object-oriented language, but without classes. In addition to the original language, there are many frameworks, or frameworks, that allow programmers to manipulate functions, simplify the language, and make it much more powerful.


Some of the most popular are:


  • AngularJS

  • jQuery

  • Meteor

  • Polymer

  • React

  • Mithril

  • Aurelia

  • Vue.js

  • Ember.js

  • Node.js

  • Backbone.js


Google, Facebook, Twitter, Wikipedia, YouTube, and many more web pages use JavaScript as their front-end programming language. It is considered as a friendly web development programming language among others.



Java

Although it shares a name with JavaScript, the two programming languages ​​have nothing to do with it. Java is an open-source, cross-platform language that, although not exclusively web-oriented, is used on many servers to perform back-end tasks.


This programming language is object-oriented and has many macros and frameworks specially oriented for web development, leaving out an infinity of functions designed especially for the development of more advanced programs.


One of the drawbacks of this programming language is that it is quite difficult to learn. Therefore, it is among one of the toughest web designing languages programming. However, if we can master it, we can use it more than just web development, for example, for the development of apps for Android.


PHP Language

It is a language focused on creating dynamic websites. Its scripts are interpreted by the server and generate HTML code. Requires Apache or IIS with PHP libraries. It inherits its syntax from C, Java, and Perl.


As main advantages, we have to say that it is an easy language to learn quickly. It supports object orientation and uses cross-platform language. In addition, it can connect with many databases: MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, MS SQL Server… It does not need the variable types to be defined. One of its most striking aspects is that it is designed to be a safe language to write CGI, rather than Perl or C.

It is the base language used by most CMS or more widespread content managers such as WordPress, PrestaShop, Drupal, or Joomla!


Python Language

Considered by many the cleanest language when programming. The code, like JavaScript, is interpreted and not compiled.

Something curious about this language is that it allows programmers to choose a specific programming style (objects, structured, functional…) because it is a multiplatform programming language.

As advantages of Python, we highlight that it is free and open-source, general-purpose. It has many functions and libraries and is multiplatform and easy to program. On the other hand, its main disadvantage is that it is quite slow, being an interpreted language.


Ruby Language

Like the previous one, it is an interpreted language and is object-oriented. It inherits its syntax from Python and Perl. The language can load extension libraries dynamically if the operating system allows it. Also, it is a portable language.


Another advantage it offers is that anyone can find a lot of information and tutorials on its website.

Development is a task that requires a lot of time, so choosing a language for your hosting to feel comfortable is crucial.


C / C ++ / C #

These are not web programming languages ​​as such, but they are often of great server-side importance. Along with Java, any web developer specializing in the back-end should know this programming language if they do not want to be stuck in any problem.

Also, considering that many of the other languages ​​are inspired by C, knowing these languages ​​will help us learn and understand the others better.

We hope this website development programming languages article will be helpful for you.