What is SQL Server DBA. Know Everything About It In This Mini Guide

Published by

Nov 17, 2021

According to industry evaluations, SQL provides high-quality database support, reaching superior performance, and is one of the most used systems in data centers. The SQL Server DBA performs the task of monitoring the database server, managing SQL Server Instances, SAN storage, and security.

Database administrators (DBA) use software to store and organize data. Your role may include capacity planning, installation, configuration, database design, migration, performance monitoring, security, and troubleshooting, as well as data backup and recovery.

How is SQL Server DBA architecture?

SQL Server is a set of various components developed to meet the needs of data storage and analysis in business applications. Within a database architecture, all information is organized logically and visible to end-users.

How does SQL Server work?

SQL Server works in a client-server architecture, so it supports two types of components: Workstation and Server.

  • The workstation components are installed on the SQL Server operator machine/device. These are just interfaces to interact with the server components. Example: SSMS, SSCM, Profiler, BIDS, SQLEM, etc.

  • The server components are installed on a centralized server. These are services, such as SQL Server, SQL Server Agent, SSIS, SSAS, SSRS, SQL browser, and SQL Server full-text search.

  • The monitoring, administration, and operation of SQL Server are also delivered as a service by specialist companies.  

Databases in SQL Server (SQL Server DBA)

There are different types of databases: Master, Model, Msdb, and TempDB.

Master database (Master). The master database contains information related to the server configuration. Without the master database, the server cannot be started. Master or Master stores the metadata information about all other objects (databases, stored procedures, tables, views, etc.) created in the SQL Server.

Model database (MODEL). The model database establishes a template for each database created. When creating a new database, the information is moved to a new one to build default objects such as tables and stored procedures. Mainly, the requirement for a model database is not specific to creating the latest database only. 

msdb database. The msdb database is primarily used by SQL Server Agent to store activities such as SQL server jobs, mail, service broker, maintenance plans, user database backup and system history, replication information, and submission of records. 

TempDB database. From the name of the database itself, its purpose can be identified, and it can be accessed by all users of the instance of SQL Server. TempDB is a temporary location for storing temporary tables (global and local) and temporary stored procedures containing intermediate results during the sorting or processing of queries and cursors.

SQL Server DBA Features

  • High performance.

  • High availability.

  • Scalability and flexibility.

  • Robust transactional support.

  • High security.

  • Comprehensive application development. 

  • Ease of management.

  • Open Source.


SQL Server Enterprise offers advanced capabilities for the data center and for the most demanding database and business intelligence requirements.

Main features of this release

• Improved high availability. Enables higher uptime, faster failover, improved manageability, and better use of hardware resources thanks to AlwaysOn for high availability. According to Microsoft, AlwaysOn delivers up to four active and readable children, more extensive online operations, and an integrated dashboard to manage high availability.

• Performance in memory. Delivers a quantum leap in data warehousing, analytics, and business intelligence performance. How? With in-memory capabilities built directly into the SQL Server database and analytics engines, flexibility is improved and usability is easier.

• Business-grade scalability. Achieve large scale in both traditional on-premises and highly virtualized deployments with Windows Server 2012 R2. "The scale of physical processing grows to 640 logical processors and up to 64 logical processors for virtual machines with 1 TB of RAM," they say from Microsoft.

• Self-service business intelligence. Discover new insights using Power View, a highly interactive data visualization and exploration tool for business analysts and end-users. Power View allows you to view multidimensional and tabular analytical models.

• Robust data quality. Improve data quality by using organizational insights and independent reference data providers to profile, clean, and match data using Data Quality Services.

• Improved security. Improve the ease of administration regarding audits with audit resilience, user-defined audits, and the ability to audit actions across editions.


SQL Server Standard offers more basic business intelligence and data management features for non-critical workloads with minimal IT resources.

Main features of this version

• Basic availability and disaster recovery. The Standard edition includes two-node failover clustering, log shipping, and peer-to-peer replication.

• Technical support for regulatory compliance. Easily manage permissions around data access, such as user-defined server roles, to achieve separation of duties and authentication of contained databases. Improve the ease of administration and reduce the complexity of database schemas with new default schemas for groups that allow a default schema for user accounts in Windows groups.

• Reports and analysis. Multidimensional models allow the IT department to develop business logic with Reporting Services. Report Builder 3.0 offers an intuitive environment for creating reports. Take advantage of SQL Server predictive analytics capabilities in Excel and Visio with the SQL Server Data Mining Add-in.

• Integration of complex data. Integrate data from different sources with SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS), which includes features for ETL administration and deployment tasks, such as better tracking the health of SSIS packages and the ability to run the administration as a separate instance SQL Server.

• Greater ease of administration. SQL Server Management Studio and updated management packs for System Center allow you to centrally manage your infrastructure. Support for Windows PowerShell 2.0 automates administration tasks, and enhancements to Sysprep let you create virtual machines more efficiently.

• Robust development tools. With SQL Server Data Tools, database development is integrated into Visual Studio and/or available for download to create the latest fully data-aware, mobile, enterprise, business intelligence, web applications.

• Sophisticated features for content management. Thanks to FileTable in SQL Server, it is much easier to manage content in FILESTREAM blob storage. Enhancements to full-text indexing strengthen search capabilities and performance. Statistical semantic search technology offers innovative automatic concept extraction and keyword phrase search options.

• Extend any type of data, anywhere. SQL Server supports relational and non-relational data, such as Big Data data sources like Hadoop. Customers can extend heterogeneous environments using industry-recognized APIs (ADO.NET, ODBC, JDBC, PDO, and ADO) on a wide variety of platforms, such as.NET, C / C ++, Java, Linux, and PHP.


SQL Server Business Intelligence enables organizations to develop and deploy secure, scalable, and manageable self-service corporate BI solutions.

Main features of this version

• Quick exploration and visualization of data. Discover new information with the speed of thought using Power View, an interactive, browser-based experience for exploring, visualizing, and presenting data. Power Pivot helps users access and combine data from virtually any source, such as Big Data, using familiar tools.

• High-performance analysis. Our in-memory analytics engine generates a quantum leap in performance and enables you to interact with an unprecedented amount of data. Thanks to in-memory functions built directly into the SQL Server parsing engine, flexibility is improved, and usability is easier.

• Reliable and consistent data. IT can better control and manage data thanks to a semantic BI model that provides a consistent view of heterogeneous data sources and enhancements to SQL Server Integration Services.

• Robust data quality. Improve data quality by using organizational insights and independent reference data providers to profile, clean, and match data.

• Master data management. Maintain a set of master data across the different organizational structures used for object mapping, reference data, and metadata management.

• Basic management of the availability, security, and data. The Business Intelligence edition also includes the core SQL Server Standard database functions for departmental applications, such as basic Windows Server support and user-defined roles to establish function separation.

SQL Server Express

SQL Server Express is a free edition of SQL Server, ideal for developing desktop, web, and small server applications.

If you have an interest and want to excel in the SQL Server DBA course, JanbaskTraining will help you build a master in this field. They have easy and to-the-point expert-led videos tutorials that will help you in every way.

Articles authored by Taranveer Singh

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